ERA4CS definition of climate services

According to the ERA4CS call, there are different definitions of climate services, which is a consequence of the wide variety of stakeholders and needs, as well differing functions of the organisations that deliver climate services.

Climate services are...

  • easily accessible, timely, and decision-relevant scientific information about climate change mitigation, adaptation and disaster risk management.
  • in a broad sense: user driven development, translation and transfer of climate knowledge, including knowledge for understanding the climate, climate change and its impacts, as well as guidance in its use to researchers and to decision-makers in policy and business.
  • a response to the increasing demand from stakeholders for usable information and solutions about climate change impacts, vulnerability, risks and opportunities, their uncertainties and probabilities and options for actions.

...which could address wide timescales, i.e. month to century time-scale, going beyond current operational weather services.

Climate services are used to...

  • help society to cope with current and future climate variability and change in order to limit climate-related economic, social and ecological impacts and damages.
  • take advantage of transformation opportunities, to build resilience to climate change, to support a sustainable development and to contribute to a climate-resilient and climate-friendly society.

Potential users of climate services

  • Decisionā€makers in enterprises
  • NGOs
  • Policy makers from various levels (transnational, national, regional and local)
  • Scientists
  • Citizens
  • Consumers